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Table 1 Selected Medicinal Mushroom with β-glucans as Active Components

From: The effects of β-glucan on human immune and cancer cells

Herbs Common Name β-glucans structure Types of β-glucans
Lentinus edodes Shiitake mushroom β-1,3;1,6-glucan Lentinan
Schizophyllan commune Brazilian mushroom, Schizophyllan β-1,3;1,6-glucan Schizophyllan (SPG) or sizofiran
Grifola frondosa Maitake mushroom β-1,3;1,6-glucan with xylose and mannose Maitake D-Fraction
Coriolus versicolor Yun Zhi Protein bound β-1,3;1,6-glucan PSP (polysaccharide peptide) PSK (polysaccharide-Kureha or polysaccharide-K, krestin)
Ganoderma lucidum Lingzhi, Reishi β-1,3;1,6-glucan Ganoderma polysaccharides, Ganopoly
Agaricus blazei Brazilian sun-mushroom, Himematsutake mushroom Protein bound β-1,6-glucan Agaricus polysaccharides
Pleurotus ostreatus Oyster mushroom, píng gû β-1,3-glucan with galactose and mannose Pleuran
Coprinus comatus Shaggy ink cap, lawyer's wig, or shaggy mane β-1,3-glucan Coprinus polysaccharides