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Table 1 The age-standardized rate and number of esophageal cancer cases in the world, East Asia and Pacific, China, Japan, and South Korea from 1990 to 2017, both sexes

From: Burden, trends, and risk factors of esophageal cancer in China from 1990 to 2017: an up-to-date overview and comparison with those in Japan and South Korea

Variables World East Asia and Pacific China Japan South Korea
1990 2017 Change, % 1990 2017 Change, % 1990 2017 Change, % 1990 2017 Change, % 1990 2017 Change, %
Incidence rate (per 100,000) 7.57
(7.33–7.85)
5.90
(5.74–6.06)
− 22.06 13.78
(13.22–14.50)
9.22
(8.84–9.60)
− 33.07 19.38
(18.52–20.50)
12.23
(11.64–12.82)
− 36.89 6.09
(5.99–6.19)
5.83
(5.52–6.13)
− 4.27 5.04
(4.84–5.26)
3.25
(2.81–3.72)
− 35.52
Incidence numbers 310,236
(300,690–322,028)
472,525
(459,485–485,294)
52.31 187,945
(180,252–197,677)
279,072 (267,563–290,531) 48.49 164,473
(157,194–173,853)
234,624 (223,240–246,036) 42.65 10,667
(10,485–10,848)
19,202
(18,203–20,140)
80.01 1,608
(1,541–1,679)
2,801
(2,414–3,216)
74.19
Death rate (per 100,000) 7.72
(7.48–8.01)
5.48
(5.34–5.63)
− 29.02 14.23
(13.63–15.00)
8.27
(7.95–8.61)
− 41.85 20.53
(19.60–21.71)
11.25
(10.73–11.77)
− 45.20 4.47
(4.41–4.53)
3.66
(3.51–3.81)
− 18.12 5.12
(4.92–5.32)
2.16
(1.92–2.41)
− 57.81
Death numbers 311,289
(301,451–323,235)
435,959
(424,994–447,580)
40.05 188,862
(180,759–198,909)
248,410 (238,407–258,346) 31.53 168,455
(160,933–178,231)
212,586
(202,673–222,654)
26.20 7,780
(7,673–7,897)
12,807
(12,310–13,311)
64.61 1,577
(1,515–1,644)
1,865
(1,653–2,078)
18.26
DALY rate (per 100,000) 179.94
(174.09–186.82)
119.91
(116.89–122.99)
− 33.36 314.57
(301.10–331.18)
169.37
(162.32–176.65)
− 46.16 446.42
(425.73–471.70)
222.58
(211.95–233.57)
− 50.14 96.88
(95.43–98.44)
77.78
(74.47–81.14)
− 19.72 124.46
(119.44–129.78)
44.57
(39.34–50.04)
− 64.19
DALY numbers 7,677,078
(7,422,100–7,970,949)
9,777,771
(9,532,791–10,031,497)
27.36 4,582,723 (4,386,849–4,832,515) 5,262,866 (5,042,535–5,489,756) 14.84 4,078,281
(3,890,143–4,314,430)
4,464,980
(4,247,816–4,690,846)
9.48 172,127
(169,542–174,893)
227,447
(218,017–236,700)
32.14 42,870
(41,041–44,820)
38,988
(34,415–43,822)
− 9.06
  1. DALY disability-adjusted life-year